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Hail Ridge Farm
Gilliam County, Oregon
Price $ 1,495,000
The Hail Ridge Farm, several miles southwest of Heppner, in north Gilliam County, Oregon, is comprised of 2,573.19± acres of diverse, income-producing opportunities. Based on the Farm Service Agency records, 1,314 acres are enrolled in CRP, with an annual revenue of $91,748. The existing CRP contracts run through 2020 and 2021. A rare example of rural diversity, the property is made up of 112± acres of tillable ground in CRP grass mix and fenced into one of the existing CRP fields; the balance of acres is 1,131± acres of rangeland that has historically been grazed with cattle. The property has a lease with a neighboring cattle producer. Improvements include a shop, equipment machine shed, barn, corrals, storage sheds and a homesite with a pump house and well. The property hosts an abundance of wildlife, including mule deer and upland birds. The property is eligible for four Landowner Preference Tags within the Fossil Unit (45). Throughout the property, there are numerous springs with some developed water with troughs and seasonal ponds, which provide water for grazing and wildlife.
This property is in north Gilliam County, Oregon
T4SR23E TL200- 747.12 acres
Access to the property is off Hail Ridge Road, a county-maintained road.
History of Wheat Production in Oregon:
Wheat has been important to Oregon since the days of the fur traders. Dr. John McLoughlin required each Hudson Bay trading post to grow enough wheat to feed the people of the post and the people served by the post. Dr. McLoughlin traded wheat for Russian furs and that opened the export market for Oregon Wheat. Wheat also came to the Oregon Territory with the big wave of settlers in the 1880s. The people who came to the Northwest carried wheat with them, wheat to eat and wheat to plant. The first flourmill in Eastern Oregon was in John Day in 1865. It was built to sell flour to gold miners. Today, the largest flourmill on the Columbia Plateau is in Pendleton. But, in the 1880s most of Oregon’s wheat was grown in Willamette Valley. Shipping wheat to Portland from Eastern Oregon by riverboat or wagon cost the farmer too much. In 1883 the Union Pacific Railroad opened a line from the east to west across Oregon. The new railroad made it affordable to ship wheat to Portland. In the 1950s, hydroelectric dams were built on the Columbia River. With the dams came locks that allowed easy movement up and down river. Barge companies were established to move large quantities of grain to the Port of Portland docks. With this transportation system in place, Eastern Oregon farmers were able to move their wheat quickly and affordably and became the leaders in wheat production.
There is approximately 112 acres of dryland farm ground that is planted to a CRP grass mix and is currently fenced into one of the existing CRP fields under contract. Historical records have indicated that typical wheat production on this land is 40 bushels per acre, subject to weather factors. This is fallow type ground, so a crop is seeded every other year and the land is left dormant in between.
CRP is short for Conservation Reserve Program. This is a government program that sets aside highly erodible farm ground by planting a permanent cover crop, such as grass, on it. The government pays the owner of the ground a bid amount for a contract period (typically 10 years) to keep the land out of commercial production. Specifically, the four current contracts on this property run until 2020 and 2021. Please see attached current CRP contracts and FSA field maps.
The property has power located at the improvement site, with service coming from Columbia Basin Electric.
Located on the property are numerous springs, with troughs and seasonal ponds, in addition to the well located at the improvement site.
Currently, the property is being leased for cattle grazing.
The perimeter is completely fenced, with internal fencing creating barriers between the tillable and the range. There are multiple pastures located throughout in order to have multiple grazing options.
Elevation ranges from 2,500 to 2,800 feet.
Average rainfall based on NOAA historical records is 14.43 inches of annual precipitation.
2017 taxes: $5,809.48
This property is zoned EFU, exclusive farm use.
The owner does not warrant that there are any mineral rights available. However, any mineral or geothermal rights owned by the seller are included as part of the property being offered for sale.
History of Gilliam County, Oregon: The Oregon Legislative Assembly created Gilliam County on February 25, 1885, from the eastern third of Wasco County after residents complained that they were too far from their county seat in The Dalles. The first Gilliam county seat was at Alkali, now Arlington. The question of a permanent county seat was placed on general election ballots in 1886, 1888, and again in 1890, when voters chose to move the county seat to Condon, known to early settlers as “Summit Springs.” Once the question of the location of the county seat was settled, voters in Gilliam County proved reluctant to provide a courthouse in Condon. The county government operated out of a two-room house until 1903, when the county court appropriated money to construct a courthouse. This courthouse burned down in 1954 and was replaced the following year with the current courthouse.
The Shepherds Flat Wind Farm, an 845-megawatt (MW) wind farm, began construction near Arlington in 2009, shortly after approval by state regulators. The wind farm was being built by Caithness Energy using General Electric (GE) 2.5 MW wind turbines, and it will supply electricity to Southern California Edison. In April 2011, Google announced they had invested $100 million in the project. The wind farm was estimated to have an economic impact of $16 million annually for Oregon.
Todd Longgood, Broker
Please contact The Whitney Land Company office to schedule a showing. A listing agent must be present at all times to tour the property.